ORIGINAL ARTICLE

EDXRF and GC Characterization of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae) Rhizome from Madagascar

Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua

Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua
University of Kinshasa. Email: jpngbolua@unikin.ac.cd
Online First: January 15, 2021 | Cite this Article
Ngbolua, K. 2021. EDXRF and GC Characterization of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae) Rhizome from Madagascar. Discovery Phytomedicine 8(1). DOI:10.15562/phytomedicine.2021.154


Curcuma longa is mostly distributed in Asia and is the most common traditional drug of Indian and Chinese medicines used as anti-inflammatory, wound healing, antibacterial, anticancer and antioxidant agents. The present study was designed to characterize Curcuma longa L. from Madagascar by the determination of heavy metals and mineral elements of 3 samples of Curcuma longa L. rhizomes powder from 3 local companies by X fluorescence method and the essential oil chemical composition from 2 regions of Madagascar: Anivorano and Manjakandriana by gas chromatography (GC). The major compounds were Ar-Turmerone    (42,19-47,32%), β-Turmerone    (07,26-09,63%) and α-Turmerone    (16,78-17,59%). The major mineral elements Curcuma longa L. rhizome powder was Magnesium (28000,0 ± 280,0), Calcium (1236,5 ± 111,3 mg/kg) and Iron (1102,0 ± 110,2) from Manjakandriana. It is thus desirable that the chemical composition of Malagasy turmeric from vrarious place in Madagascar would be compared to those from African continent.

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