Aims: To assess the cytotoxicity, thrombolytic, anthelmintic and antioxidant activity of mehanol extract of Litsea monopetala (Family: Lauraceae) leaves in laboratory using in vitro methods.
Methods: Cytotoxicity test was done by brine shrimp lethality bioassay where the extract concentration was 400, 200, 100, 50, 25, 12.5, 6.25, 3.125, 1.5625, 0.78125 (Âµg/ml). In vitro thrombolytic activity of Litsea monopetala was performed by clot lysis method using extract concentration 2.5, 5, 10 and 20 (mg/mL) in saline water. Anthelmintic activity test was done by using adult earthworms where 10, 20, 40, 60, 80 (mg/ml) extract concentration were used. Finally antioxidant activity was determined by total phenolic content determination using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent.
Result: The Litsea monopetala extract showed cytotoxic activity against brine shrimp nauplii and LC50 value was 41.05(Âµg/ml) and the investigated thrombolytic activity in our research was 9.52, 9.49, 13.64 and 17.50 %Â Â respectively as % of clot lysis. The paralysis time were at 76.75 min, 60 min, 51.75 min, 44.5 min and 64.5 min and death were at 90.50min, 63.75min, 55.50min, 44.75min and 71min. respectively. The Litsea monopetala extract displayed significant antioxidant activity which was 20.75 (mg of GAE / gm) of extracts.
Conclusions: The activities observed could be attributed to presence of some of the phytochemicals which have been related with cytotoxic, thrombolytic, anthelmintic and antioxidant property.