A review on Phytochemical and biological properties of Calotropis gigantea (Linn) R.Br.

Nasreen Jahan , Ansari Mushir, Aziz Ahmed

Nasreen Jahan
National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore. Email:

Ansari Mushir
National Institute of Unani Medicine ,Bangalore

Aziz Ahmed
Dr. Abdul Haq Unani Medical College and Hospital
Online First: July 15, 2016 | Cite this Article
Jahan, N., Mushir, A., Ahmed, A. 2016. A review on Phytochemical and biological properties of Calotropis gigantea (Linn) R.Br.. Discovery Phytomedicine 3(3): 15-21. DOI:10.15562/phytomedicine.2016.32

Calotropis gigantea Linn is a well known medicinal herb commonly known as Madar and has been used in Unani, Ayurveda and Siddha system of medicine for years. It is a native of India, China and Malaysia and distributed in almost all over world. All parts of the plant have been used as a medicine as well as an important ingredient in a number of Unani formulations used for the treatment of various ailments. In classical Unani literature it is mentioned to have anthelmintic, appetizer, anti flatulence, astringent, tonic, expectorant, emetic, diaphoretic, anti inflammatory, sedative, wound healer, antidote and digestive properties and used in asthma, stomach ache, cholera, amenorrhea and toothache. Phytochemical constituents include giganteol, and  calotropeol, -amyrin, giganteol and isogiganteol etc. The drug has been reported for its anti asthmatic, antioxidant, antibacterial, antiviral, wound healing, antiinflammatory, antidiarrhoeal, hepatoprotective and hypoglycemic activities. In this article the recently published papers were reviewed. Well known scientific search engines viz. Pub med, Medline, Google scholar, and Science Direct were used to retrieve online literature. All referred studies published in peer reviewed indexed journals were included. For Unani literature classical text and manuscripts were referred.
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