ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Determination of antiemetic, antimicrobial and anti-radical properties of two plants of Apiaceae family growing in Bangladesh

Nor Mohammad

Nor Mohammad
. Email: noory.chemistry@gmail.com
Online First: April 15, 2019 | Cite this Article
Mohammad, N. 2019. Determination of antiemetic, antimicrobial and anti-radical properties of two plants of Apiaceae family growing in Bangladesh. Discovery Phytomedicine 6(2). DOI:10.15562/phytomedicine.2019.88


Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the antiemetic, antimicrobial and anti-radical properties of two plants of Apiaceae family named Foeniculum vulgare and Centella asiatica. 

Materials and Methods: The antiemetic assay was carried out by using chick emetic model with minor modifications by calculating the mean decrease in the number of retching. The antimicrobial activity of the crude extract was performed by Disc Diffusion method. The anti-radical activity was determined by the 2, 2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl hydrate (DPPH) method.

Results: The anti-emetic activity of the selected two plants on young chicks revealed that these extracts have a less anti-emetic effect. The group of chicks treated with Chlorpromazine was found to have 38.4 retches as compared to the 60.4 retches of the control group, thus Chlorpromazine reduced the retches by 36.96%. The chickens treated with Foeniculum vulgare and Centella asiatica extracts inhibited the retches up to 7.01% and 15.67% accordingly. The minimum antimicrobial effect was found in these two crude extracts. Both of these extracts did not appear potent in terms of both zones of inhibition and spectrum of activity. In anti-radical activity test, the Foeniculum vulgare and Centella asiatica showed moderate free radical scavenging activity with IC50 value 240.39 μg/ml and 241.71% respectively while compared to that of the reference standard ascorbic acid.

Conclusion: The selected two plants of Apiaceae family possess less anti-emetic, minimum anti-microbial and moderate anti-radical activities.

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